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Comparison of \'Inversnaid\' by Gerard Manley Hopkins and \'Sonnet\' by John Clare
Refer to the guides on the two poems on the GCSE Bitesize website before posting your notes:
|Subject Matter||a lake and its surroundings [serene water --> beautiful nature]||a stream and its waterfall [vigorous water --> almighty nature]|
|Themes|| - passion and love for nature |
- nature is beautiful and delightful (the simple pleasures of nature delight the speaker)
- Appreciation for nature
| - the sheer force of nature that is overpowering and awe-inspiring|
- the dynamism, power and grandeur of nature
- appreciation for nature
|Perspective||First person narration||Third person narration|
|Tone|| loving and joyful |
passionate and enthusiastic
-repeatedly uses phrases 'I like', 'I love'
-simple and straighforward like a child who likes to 'play'
-corresponding to the pureness and simplicity of the nature, as well as the innocence and simplicity of a child desired by the poet
| mighty and sombre|
with awe and admiration
reflective and filled with gratitude at the end
-changes in the last stanza with the use of a rhetorical question
|Diction|| simple and direct |
-simple vocabulary: "happy", "love", "like", "play"
-repetition of simple words: "bright", "clear"
-shows simplicity of nature
-the speaker sounds childlike, showing his genuine joy towards the natural scene
Use of Dialect words
-"Moor Hen" - Is this dialect?, "flag nest" suggest informality, the speaker is at ease and enjoying himself
use of words that are mixture of other words
- " twindles" a mixture of 'twist', 'twitches' and 'dwindles', the specker uses words like this becuase he is considering the nature as a whole. different things in the nature can actually be united and appreciated as a whole in the same way.
Isn't this Inversnaid?
repetition of simple expression
- shows the poet's straightforward joy in response to nature, as well as the simple mind of a child
- also suggests being close to nature takes the poet's mind off trouble and worries, making everything seem simple and natural
- portraying the scene for the readers in various senses (zooming in from afar)
| descriptive and evocative|
-Coinage: "twindles", "darksome"
-Portmanteau words: "pitchblack", "windpuff"
-Unconventional grammar: subject of the sentence in the first stanza changes from "this darksome burn" to "the fleece of his foam"
-unconstrained quality of the language shows the unconfined quality of the waterfall, the movement of the water is free-flowing
Use of Dialect words
-"burn","fell" and "degged"mimics colloquial speech to allow readers to identify with the speaker
The words in final stanza are simple,difference from the first-third stanza(mixture of words)
-simple message carried out
Use of rhetorical question
- to catch reader's attention, then express the poet's own ideas
|Imagery|| "white wool sack clouds sailing" |
-elements of nature are reduced to human terms
-shows how the speaker's love for nature is personal and intimate
insects and beetles described as ''sport[ing]'' and at ''play''
-enjoying themselves, energetic
the scene is full of brightness and colour
- "white clouds", "gold Mare Blobs" "whitening lilies",
"bright day", "bright beetless"
--> this shows the poet's joyfulness and happiness in appreciating the nature
| "horseback brown"|
-suggests that the waterfall is as energetic and powerful as a galloping horse
-suggests the water is deep brown colour as it may carry a lot of soil particles.
Use of animal imagery
-"fawn-froth", "the fleece of his foam", the reference to young deer and sheep yet again emphasizes how energetic the waterfall is
the scene is a bit dull
- "horseback brown", "darksome burn"
-->the poet does not use colourful colours to print his work.
|Sounds/ poetic devices|| Steady rhythm: Iambic pentameter and enjambment |
-mimics the sentence structure of normal speech
-the speech is conversational and colloquial
-as if the speaker is sharing his personal thoughts with readers
Alliteration of 'w' and 'r' sounds
-"where reed clumps rustle like a wind shook wood"
-gives soft and soothing sounds, suggests the tranquility of the scene
-"I love to[...]"
-reinforces the speaker's passion and love for nature
-emphasis the idea of love, brightness
The Five Senses
- Sight :the view that the poet sketches out for us
- Hearing :The reeds rustling
-Touch: the summer winds
Summer is personified as a joyful person with a "beaming" smile.
- let us to feel the arrival of warmth and happiness
Willow is personified as a person as it is
" leaning" over the lake.
| Sprung rhythm|
-with presence of extra-syllables:"muddy water rushing down"
Stressed syllables alliterate
-gives complex rhythm to the poem
-the rhythm suggests the inconstant and energetic movement of the waterfall
Repetition or alliteration of long 'o', 'd'
'r', 'f', 'w' sounds
-"rollrock highroad roaring down", "fell-frowning", "it rounds and rounds despair to drowning"
-evokes a more tense and energetic atmosphere
-gives a watery feeling to the poem, suggesting the fluidity and depth of the waterfall
Alliteration and anaphora
-"Degged with dew, dappled with dew"
-enhances the rhythm of the poem, reinforces the idea of how lively nature is
- the brook is personified as a person or animal as it "tread through " its bank
- the "beadbonny ash tree" is personified as a girl wearing a necklace
-- praises the beauty of the ask berries.
-shows dynamism of nature
Repetition and reversal
-"of wet and of wildness? Let them be left, O let them be left, wildness and wet"
-emphasizes the speaker's yearn to get his message across: his love and gratitude towards the wild beauties of nature
|Punctuation/ syntax|| No punctuation |
-suggests how creatures are carefree and that nature is unconstrained
-shows the speaker's spontaneous flow of emotions, his love and passion for nature is natural and genuine
-suggest freedom and without constraints.
| Commas to generate short pauses|
-phrases vary in length
-varies the pace and rhythm of the poem
-reinforces the idea that the waterfall is unrestrained and dynamic
|Structure/ form|| Rhyming couplets (rhyme scheme: AA BB CC DD EE FF GG) |
-gives the poem an echoing quality, such that the poem gives a gentle and comforting feeling
-creates a gentle, soothing feeling which is very suitable to a poem about summer and water
- in the form of a sonnet (always 14 lines)
| Rhyming couplets (rhyme scheme:AA BB)|
- helps to convey the movement of the rushing water
-suggests the fluidity of the waterfall, -the rhyming seems to mimic the sounds made by the stream tripping over stones
- four line stanzas
-a steady beat of four stresses
-the last sentence is just two sentences
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|davidjohncock||Well done, everybody.||0||Nov 17 2008, 2:41 AM EST by davidjohncock|
Thread started: Nov 17 2008, 2:41 AM EST Watch
This is a very thorough discussion of the similarities and differences between these two poems. Between you, you have managed to come up with a lot of insightful and appreciative detail, showing sensitivity to how sound, style, diction and structure all play a part in creating the overall effect of the poems. Keep it up!
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